The Andean highlands in northwestern Argentina reflect the country’s Indian heritage – both in modern times and in the archaeological remains of past civilizations. Characteristic of this scenic region are high peaks, deep canyons, desert landscapes of sand and cactus, and interesting rock formations. Small villages let the seasons pass by quietly, interrupted only by carnivals and Indian markets. They worship Pachamama or Mother Earth, who provides maize and the pastures where the llamas and guanacos graze. Salta, the cultural center of the region, offers colonial architecture in contrast to the Indian traditions and folklore.